2.5. Tensions in current sub-system

Impact on other sub-systems

On one hand, tourism has positive impact on the economy of Texel Island. According to the data from the report about Tourism, recreation and free time, the Texel municipality and the TESO boat, the total amount of money that tourists spent on the island in 2014 reaches 275 million euro. Moreover, another positive impact of tourism on the island is that it creates more jobs for local people.

On the other hand, tourists put enormous ecological pressure on the island every year by using up a lot of the natural resources of Texel. One of the examples is drinking water. The consumption of water increases during summer seasons, when many tourists come to the island. Water supply is provided by two water pipes that connect island with the mainland. Nowadays the total drinking water consumption of the island is 1.6 million m3 ,  which is 3 times more than would be needed to satisfy needs of only local people.

This issue could be easily reduced by reducing the amount of tourists. In 2012 the Gemeente Texel approved the strategy to limit the amount of beds for tourists on the island. That means that in order to build new places on the island, the same amount of old places has to be demolished. This measure is believed to help to preserve the nature and the atmosphere of being on the island. (raadsbesluit nummer 084 genoemen op 19-02-2012.)


Host/guest relationship

The relationship beteen local people and people, who visit the island is very important.  At the moment it is hard to define the current state of this relationship according to the Doxey's Irridex Model.Therefore final design of a sustainable transition for Texel Island in terms of our sub-system “Texel as host” has to consider following aspects: routine research to manage and establish the impact of tourism on daily life of local people,  desired and undesired changes on communities, what are the demands of visitors, willingness of community to participate and benefit from tourism, etc. It can be done using the YUTPA-analysis, which we decided to do twice: based on data we have and our assumptions and after making some interviews with local people on the island.  Also the YUTPA-analysis in case of our sub-system topic has to present interests of both tourist and texelaar. The comparison of the results would make it easier for us to understand the potential and give ideas on the final proposal. 


Irina , Yannick

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